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Bioengineered spinal disc implants

Low back and neck pain due to disc dysfunction is quite common, every year thousands will suffer due to this.  Surgery is usually the last alternative, after attempting other conservative treatments has failed.  Spinal disc replacement has been FDA approved in the US since about 2005 and has been shown to be superior to traditional spinal fusion surgery in terms of patient outcomes.  The issue with spinal disc replacement is that the plastic and metal pieces that the artificial disc is made of can wear and can leave debris inside the body.  Researchers have created bio engineered spinal discs which have been successfully implanted into animals.  Unlike the artificial discs these bio engineered ones retain the same biological characteristics of a real disc.

Source: Science Daily


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